Dedicated to those who did not survive the show


Number of orcas who have died in captivity: 169


This page details every killer whale that has died in captivity since 1961. Two formerly captive killer whales (Ishmael and Keiko – found in bold) are not included in the total number given at the top of the page as neither died in captivity. Ishmael, a U.S Navy Orca involved in Project Deep Ops, escaped off the north coast of Oahu, Hawaii, in February 1971. It’s unknown if he’s dead or alive. Keiko, star of Free Willy, was famously rehabilitated and released into the wild where he interacted with wild orcas and travelled 870 miles across the Atlantic from Iceland to Norway. In December 2003 Keiko passed away at 26 years old from what was believed to be Acute Pneumonia – a common disease both in captivity and in the wild.



Also not included in the total at the top of the page are mortalities during capture operations which are as follows:

Between September 1962 and August 1970 at least 10 whales died during capture operations in Washington State, USA. During this time, at least 1 orca died in British Columbia, Canada.
Another orca died during the 1992 capture in Argentina
Between September 2003 and August 2018, at least three orcas died during three capture operations in Russia.


To view photos of a certain orca simply click on the orca’s name!

NameWild Population & Ecotype OR Captive Mother / FatherSexOriginCapture / Birth DateEst. Age at CapturePlace of DeathDate of DeathAge at DeathTime in CaptivityCause of Death
WandaUnknown FNewport Harbor, California, USA1961/11/187Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1961/11/2072 daysPneumonia, Gastroenteritis
Moby DollNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J pod)
MSaturna Island, British Columbia, Canada1964/7/165Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1964/10/9585 days (2 months, 23 days) Drowning. Skin Disease.
Namu / C11North Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
(Mother believed to be C5 Kwattna)
MNamu, British Columbia, Canada1965/6/23~9 (+)Seattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USA1966/7/9~10 (+)381 days (1 year, 16 days)Drowning - infected with clostridium perfringens (an anaerobic bacteria) which caused severe colic.
ShamuNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1965/10/314SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1971/8/2392122 days (5 years, 9 months, 23 days)Pyometra (a uterine infection) and Septicemia (blood poisoning)
KatyNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
FYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/15Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)Seattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USA1967/5Less than 1 year (~8 months old)75 days (2 months, 16 days)Unknown
KanduNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
FYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/151 yearSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1971/6/1651582 days (4 years, 4 months, 1 day)Pneumonia and Liver Necrosis
KilroyNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
MYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/15Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1978/9/23124238 days (11 years, 7 months, 8 days)Gangrenous Pneumonia
Skana / WalterNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
FYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/154 yearsVancouver Aquarium, Canada1980/10/5174981 days (13 years, 7 months, 20 days)General Mycotic (fungal) Infection
RamuNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
MYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/154 yearsSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1982/1/12185445 days (14 years, 10 months, 28 days)SeaWorld deceptively listed his cause of death as ""Old age"". For 18 months prior to his death, Ramu was treated for ""chronic, partially unresponsive, hypochromic microcytic anemia, nephritis and congestive heart failure"". His necroposy detailed ""cardiopulmonary decomposition, infectious pleuritis and numerous senile changes"". He did not die from old age.
OrkyNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(I11 pod)
MPort Hardy, British Columbia, Canada1967/7/294 yearsMarineland of the Pacific, California, USA1969/75703 days (1 year, 11 months, 2 days)Pneumonia, Influenza
LupaNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FVaughn Bay, Washington State, USA1968/28 yearsNew York Aquarium, New York State, USA1968/9/68218 days (7 months, 5 days)Pneumonia
HugoNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MVaughn Bay, Washington State, USA1968/23 yearsMiami Seaquarium, Florida, USA1980/3/4154415 days (12 years, 1 month, 3 days)Aneurysm Cerebral Artery
BonnieNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/4 ~15Marine World Africa, California, USA1968/8/1515136 days (4 months, 14 days)Heart Failure
NatsidaliaNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/4~15Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1968/1115214 days (7 months)Heart Failure
CorkyNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/43 yearsMarineland of the Pacific, California, USA1970/125974 days (2 years, 8 months)Mediastinal Abscess
Kianu / ClydeNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/48 yearsNanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1980/6204444 days (12 years, 2 months)Gastrointestinal Disease
Orky 2North Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
MPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/46 yearsSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1988/9/26267483 days (20 years, 5 months, 25 days)Acute Bronchopneumonia Nephropathy
Hyak 2 / Tung-JenNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod - Mother believed to be Natsidalia)
MPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/41 yearVancouver Aquarium, Canada1991/2/16238356 days (22 years, 10 months, 15 days)Pneumonia
TulaUnknown MMalcolm Island, British Columbia, Canada1968/73 yearsDolfinarium Harderwijk, Netherlands1968/10392 days (3 months)External Fungus
AhabNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MBainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/58 yearsUS Navy, Hawaii1974131914 days (5 years, 2 months, 27 days)Unknown
IshmaelNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MBainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/56 yearsPlace of escape: US Navy, Hawaii1971/2/19
(date of escape)
8 years old at time of escape 867 days (2 years, 4 months, 14 days)Unknown - Ishmael escaped in February 1971. While it's likely he passed away shortly after his escape there is a possibility that he's still alive, roaming the seas.
CuddlesNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J or L pod)
MBainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/52 yearsDudley Zoo, England, United Kingdom1974/2/6 71950 days (5 years, 4 months, 1 day)Streptococcal mediastinal abscess
MamukNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J or L pod)
MBainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/53 yearsSea-Arama Marineworld, Texas, USA1974/6/1482078 days (5 years, 8 months, 9 days)Acute Streptococcal Septicemia
HaidaNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J or L pod)
MBainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/54 yearsSealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1982/10/3175111 days (13 years, 11 months, 28 days)Lung Infection
No nameNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1969/45 yearsSeattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USADate unknownUnknownN/AUnknown
Ramu 2North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1969/49 yearsMarineland, Queensland, Australia1970/5/2110415 days (1 year, 1 month, 20 days)Unknown
CalypsoNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/126 yearsMarineland Antibes, France1970/126354 days (11 months, 19 days)Unknown
PatchesNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/12Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1971/82597 days (1 year, 7 months, 20 days) Mediastinal Abscess and Salmonellosis, an infection caused by Salmonella bacteria
KennyNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
MPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/124 yearsMarineland of the Pacific, California, USA1972/5/206890 days (2 years, 5 months, 8 days)Pneumonia
NepoNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
MPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/122 yearsMarine World Africa, California, USA1980/7/10123863 days (10 years, 6 months, 28 days)Acute Bronchopneumonia Nephropathy
YakaNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/121 yearMarine World Africa, California, USA1997/10/292810,183 days (27 years, 10 months, 17 days)Pleuritis/Pneumonia From Upper
Respiratory Infection
No nameUnknown?Washington State, USA1970/25 yearsSeattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USADate unknownUnknownN/AUnknown
Scarredjaw Cow / T3North Eastern Pacific
Bigg's Transients
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1970/3/1~ 20 yearsSealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1970/5/152075 days (2 months, 14 days)Malnutrition
Chimo / T4North Eastern Pacific
Bigg's Transients
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1970/3/12 yearsSealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1972/11/24977 days (2 years, 8 months, 1 day)Pneumonia, streptococcal septicaemia and Chediak-Higashi-Syndrome
Nootka / Knootka / Newtka / T5North Eastern Pacific
Bigg's Transients
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1970/3/14 yearsSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1990/3/13247317 days (20 years, 12 days)Pyogranulomatous; Pneumonia
Lil’ NookaNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1970/8/81 yearSea-Arama Marineworld, Texas, USA1971/3/181222 days (7 months, 10 days)Asphyxiation
Ramu 4North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1970/8/82 yearsMarineland, Queensland, Australia1971/82358 days (11 months, 24 days)Unknown
Wally / WhaleNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FPort Madison, Washington State, USA1970/8/8Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)Munich Aquarium, Germany1971/10/41422 days (1 year, 1 month, 26 days)Heart Failure
ClovisNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1970/8/82 yearsMarineland Antibes, France1973/24908 days (2 years, 5 months, 24 days)Myositis
ChappyNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1970/8/82 yearsKamogawa Sea World, Japan1974/451332 days (3 years, 7 months, 24 days)Periostitis (inflammation of the lumbar bone)
JumboNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1970/8/85 yearsKamogawa Sea World, Japan1974/781423 days (3 years, 10 months, 23 days)Liver Dysfunction
Winston / RamuNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1970/8/84 yearsSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1986/4/28195742 days (15 years, 8 months, 20 days)Chronic Cardiovascular Failure
Kandu 3North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
FPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1971/83 yearsSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1975/661400 days (3 years, 10 months)Uraemia-Nephritis
KonaNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
FPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1971/84 yearsSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1977/9/28102250 days (6 years, 1 month, 27 days)Septicemia. Also reported as Pulmonary Abscession
Kandu 2North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
MPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1971/83 yearsMarineland Ontario, Canada1979/10112983 days (8 years, 2 months)Pneumonia
No nameN/AMWashington State, USA1971/113-4 yearsSeattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USADate unknownUnknownN/AUnknown
No nameN/AMWashington State, USA1971/113-4 yearsSeattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USADate unknownUnknownN/AUnknown
Canuck / J24North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J pod)
MCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1972/3/122 yearsSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1974/12/14994 days (2 years, 8 months, 19 days)Candidiasis
ZeroJapaneseFAbashiri, Japan1972/9/1UnknownKamogawa Sea World, Japan1972/9/15Unknown14 daysUnknown
SandyUnknownFOcean City, Washington State, USA1973/36 yearsSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1977/10/22101696 days (4 years, 7 months, 21 days)Cerebral Haemorrhage
KandyNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1973/814 yearsMarineland Ontario, Canada1973/11/1614107 days (3 months, 15 days)Acute Pneumonia
FrankieNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
MPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1973/812 yearsSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1974/1/2912181 days (5 months, 28 days)Influenza
Nootka 2North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1973/830 yearsSealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1974/5/130273 days (9 months)Ruptured Aorta
Nootka 3North Eastern Pacific
Bigg's Transients
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1975/8/163 yearsSealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1976/53 259 days (8 months, 15 days)Perforated Post-Pyloric Ulcer. Abscess in Gastrointestinal Tract
Kandu 4 / Kanduke / T9North Eastern Pacific
Bigg’s Transients
(T7?)
MPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1975/8/164 yearsSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1990/9/20195514 days (15 years, 1 month, 4 days)Viral Leptomeningitis, an inflammation of the subarachnoid space in the brain
Kim / OumIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MMedallands Bugt, Iceland1976/10/255 yearsMarineland Antibes, France1982/7/24102098 days (5 years, 8 months, 29 days)Lung Abscess
KenauIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1976/10/251 yearSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1991/8/6155398 days (14 years, 9 months, 12 days)Hemorrhagic Bacterial Pneumonia
GudrunIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1976/10/25Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1996/2/25197062 days (19 years, 4 months)Septicemia, Bacteremia associated w/ Endomyometritis
No nameCorky 2
Orky 2
MCaptivity1977/2/28Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1977/3/1515 days15 daysPneumonia and Brain Damage
MiracleN/AFMenzies Bay, British Columbia, Canada 1977/8/91 yearSealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1982/111606 days (4 years, 4 months, 23 days)Drowning
MagnusIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/10/121 yearDolfinarium Harderwijk, Netherlands1977/12/18167 days (2 months, 6 days)Agranulocytic Anaemia
Canuck 2Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/10/122 yearsSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1981/8/251390 days (3 years, 9 months, 21 days)Chronic Kidney Disease
Kona 2Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/10/122 yearsSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1987/10/15123655 days (10 years, 3 days)Pulmonary Abscession
Kandu 5Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/10/123 yearsSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1989/8/21144331 days (11 years, 10 months, 9 days)
Hemorrhage; Maxillary Bilateral Fracture
Hoi Wai / Suzie WongIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/10/12Less than 1 year (presumably at least six months old)Ocean Park, Hongkong1997/4/21207131 days (19 years, 6 months, 9 days)Severe Intestinal Blood Loss
WinnieIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/10/12Less than 1 year (presumably at least six months old)SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2002/4/1124 (one day away from 25)8947 days (24 years, 5 months, 30 days)GI Tract Obstruction
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIceland1978/10/261 yearSaedyrasafnid (Hafnarfjordur) Aquarium, Iceland1979/2198 days (3 months, 6 days)Heart Attack
ShawnIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIceland1978/10/261 yearSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1979/9/31312 days (10 months, 8 days)Pneumonia
BettyIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIceland1978/10/263 yearsMarineland Antibes, France1987/9/8113239 days (8 years, 10 months, 13 days)Pneumonia
KahanaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIceland1978/10/261 yearSeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1991/5/14134583 days (12 years, 6 months, 18 days)Broken Skull, Severe Blood Loss and Intestinal Ganglioneuroma (tumor)
KotarIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIceland1978/10/26Less than 1 year (presumably at least six months old)SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1995/4/1166001 days (16 years, 5 months, 6 days)Kotar died after a gate he was playing with closed on his head, crushing his skull. Despite this, his cause of death is officially listed as Acute Hemorrhagic Pneumonia.
KasatkaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIceland1978/10/261 yearSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA2017/8/153914,173 days (38 years, 9 months, 20 days)Kasatka was humanely euthanised after suffering from Bacterial Pneumonia and a Compromised Immune System for a prolonged period of time.
SpookyCorky 2
Orky 2
MCaptivity1978/10/31Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1978/11/1010 days 10 daysPneumonia, Colitis
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIceland1978/111 yearSaedyrasafnid (Hafnarfjordur) Aquarium, Iceland1979/2192 days (3 months)Pneumonia
No nameJapaneseMJapan1978/12UnknownTaiji Whaling Museum, Japan1978/12Unknown5 daysUnknown
No nameJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1979/2/26~9 years (+)Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1979/3/31~9 (+)33 days (1 month, 5 days)Birth Complications. Delivered a stillborn calf.
No nameJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1979/2/26~9 years (+)Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1979/4/28~9 (+)61 days (2 months, 2 days)Nutritional Disorder
ChiJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1979/2/269 yearsTaiji Whaling Museum, Japan1979/5964 days (2 months, 5 days)Unknown
TaiJapaneseMTaiji, Japan1979/2/26~9 years (+)Taiji Whaling Museum, Japan1982/6~12 (+)1191 days (3 years, 3 months, 6 days)Unknown
BenkeiJapaneseMTaiji, Japan1979/2/267 yearsNanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1989/2163628 days (9 years, 11 months, 6 days)Acute Pneumonia
Surfer GirlN/AFPfeiffer Beach, California, USA1979/5/26~ 1 year (+)Marine World Africa, California, USA1979/6/3~1 (+)8 daysPneumonia. Kidney failure. Perforated Gastric Ulcer
Dzul-ha / ShamuIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MMalarrif, Iceland1979/71 yearAquarama on Parade, Mexico198341280 days (3 years, 6 months)Unknown
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1979/113 yearsMarineland Ontario, Canada1980/1361 days (2 months)Acute Enterotoxaemia
KingIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIngólfshöfði, Iceland1979/11Less than 1 year (presumably at least six months old)Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1983/10/441433 days (3 years, 11 months, 3 days)Acute Pneumonia
Caren / CalenIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1979/112 yearsKamogawa Sea World, Japan1987/5/492741 days (7 years, 6 months, 3 days)Agranulocytosis
KeikoIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIceland1979/112 years Taknes Bay, Norway2003/12/12268774 days (24 years, 8 days)
Excludes Keiko's 33-day journey from Iceland to Norway.

Believed to be Pneumonia
Benkei 2 / UshiwakaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MAlvidra, Iceland1980/10Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1983/731003 days (2 years, 9 months)Malignant Lymphoma
FinnaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MReyðarfjörður, Iceland1980/11/193 yearsVancouver Aquarium, Canada1997/10/6196165 days (16 years, 10 months, 17 days)Pneumonia
ViggaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FReyðarfjörður, Iceland1980/11/191 yearMarine World Africa, California, USA2000/8/14207208 days (19 years, 8 months, 27 days)Heart Failure, Brain/Lung Abscess, Pneumonia
BjossaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FReyðarfjörður, Iceland1980/11/193 yearsSeaWorld San Diego, California, USA2001/10/8237628 days (20 years, 10 months, 19 days)Chronic Bronchopneumonia
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FAlvidra, Iceland1981/104 yearsMarineland Ontario, Canada1982492 days (3 months)Unknown
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSelvogsbanki, Iceland1981/10Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)Clacton Dolphinarium, England, United Kingdom1981/12/11Less than 1 year (~8 months old)71 days (2 months, 10 days)Traumatic Shock. Ruptured Kidney
NeptuneIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSelvogsbanki, Iceland1981/104 yearsClacton Dolphinarium, England, United Kingdom1983/6/15608 days (1 year, 8 months)Appendicitis
NemoIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSelvogsbanki, Iceland1981/10Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)Windsor Safari Park, England, United Kingdom1986/11/1751873 days (5 years, 1 month, 16 days)Thrombocytosis
Ruka / OrcaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FSelvogsbanki, Iceland1981/102 yearsNanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2000/3/29206754 days (18 years, 5 months, 28 days)Traumatic Shock
Nootka 5Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1981/102 yearsMarineland Ontario, Canada2008/1/8289595 days (26 years, 3 months, 7 days)Unknown
No nameJapaneseMTaiji, Japan1982/2~9 years (+)Taiji Whaling Museum, Japan1982/6/1~9 (+)120 days (4 months)Pneumonia
Benkei 3JapaneseMTaiji, Japan1982/2Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)Private residence, Japan1983/122668 days (1 year, 10 months)Unknown
SacchiJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1982/2~9 years (+)Enoshima Marineland, Japan1984/4~11 (+)790 days (2 years, 2 months)Pneumonia
No nameSacchi
Wild Orca
MCaptivity1982/5Enoshima Marineland, Japan1982/510 days10 daysBrain Abscess
KivaCorky 2
Orky 2
FCaptivity1982/6/16Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1982/8/348 days 48 days (1 month, 18 days)Respiratory Failure
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MHéradsflói, Iceland1982/101 yearSealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1983/5/271238 days (7 months, 26 days)Haemophilia, a genetic disorder that inhibits the body’s ability to control blood clotting when faced with an injury
Nootka 4Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FHéradsflói, Iceland1982/103 yearsSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1994/9/13144365 days (11 years, 11 months, 12 days)Complications associated with her stillbirth: Pneumonia; Septicemia
Haida 2Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FStokkseyri, Iceland1982/10Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2001/8/1196879 days (18 years, 10 months)Necrosis of Cerebrum/ Fungal Infection
Kim 2Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MStokkseyri, Iceland1982/10Less than 1 year (presumably at least 6 months old)Marineland Antibes, France2005/11/23238454 days (23 years, 1 month, 22 days)Pneumonia
FreyaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FStokkseyri, Iceland1982/101 yearMarineland Antibes, France2015/6/203311,950 days (32 years, 8 months, 19 days)Undisclosed illness
TilikumIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MTogi, Iceland1983/11/92 yearsSeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA2017/1/63512,112 days (33 years, 1 month, 28 days)Bacterial pneumonia
NanduIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MJökulsá, Iceland1983/11/142 yearsAquarama São Paulo, Brazil1988/3/261570 days (4 years, 3 months, 17 days)Adrenal Gland Tumor
SamoaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FJökulsá, Iceland1983/11/143 yearsSeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1992/3/14113043 days (8 years, 4 months)Mycotic Meningoencephalitis
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MReyðarfjörður, Iceland1984/114 yearsSaedyrasafnid (Hafnarfjordur) Aquarium, Iceland1985/1461 days (2 months)Neck Injury
Freyja / PattyIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FReyðarfjörður, Iceland1984/112 yearsKamogawa Sea World, Japan1987/9/1641049 days (2 years, 10 months, 15 days)Acute Enteritis
JuniorIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MBerufjörður, Iceland1984/112 yearsMarineland Ontario, Canada1994/6/1113499 days (9 years, 7 months)Brain Damage
Kandu 7Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MReyðarfjörður, Iceland1984/116 yearsMarineland Ontario, Canada2005/12/21277720 days (21 years, 1 month, 20 days)Cancer
Bingo / ThorIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MReyðarfjörður, Iceland1984/112 yearsPort of Nagoya Aquarium, Japan2014/8/23110,866 days (29 years, 9 months, 1 day)Pneumonia
No nameCorky 2
Orky 2
FCaptivity1985/7/22Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1985/8/2029 days29 daysAsphyxiation
MilagroArgentinian mammal-eating populationMArgentina1985/8/85 yearsMundo Marino, Buenos Aires, Argentina1991/2/10102012 days (5 years, 6 months, 2 days)Unknown
KalinaKatina
Winston
FCaptivity1985/9/26SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA2010/10/4259139 days (25 years, 8 days)Acute Bacterial Septicemia
GoroJapaneseMTaiji, Japan1985/10Less than 1 year (presumably at least six months old)Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2005/1/21197052 days (19 years, 3 months, 20 days)Acute Pneumonia
NamiJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1985/103 yearsPort of Nagoya Aquarium, Japan2011/1/14289236 days (25 years, 3 months, 13 days)Ulcerative Colitis
Baby Shamu 2Kenau
Winston
FCaptivity1986/1/5SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1986/1/1611 days11 daysHeart Defect
No nameJapaneseFJapan1986/2N/AJapanese Fishermen Group, Coast of Japan1986/4Unknown59 days (2 months)Unknown
ShachiJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1986/26 yearsIzu-Mito Sea Paradise, Japan1988/38759 days (2 years, 1 month)Pneumonia
Prince / BubbaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSeyðisfjörður, Iceland1987/103 yearsOcean Park, Hong Kong, China1991/7/1061378 days (3 years, 9 months, 9 days)Pseudomonas
Magy / Maggie / Miss PiggyIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FSeyðisfjörður, Iceland1987/103 yearsKamogawa Sea World, Japan1997/10/7133659 days (10 years, 6 days)Birth Complications
Oscar / WolfieIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSeyðisfjörður, Iceland1987/101 yearKamogawa Sea World, Japan2012/12/20269212 days (25 years, 2 months, 19 days)Unknown
Belen / BethlehemArgentinian mammal-eating populationFSamborombón Bay, Argentina1988/1/61 yearMundo Marino, Buenos Aires, Argentina2000/2/4134412 days (12 years, 29 days)Unknown
KaterinaKatina
Kanduke
FCaptivity1988/11/4SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1999/5/5103834 days (10 years, 6 months, 1 day)Severe Suppurative Hemorrhage. Bacterial Pneumonia.
No nameBjossa
Hyak 2
FCaptivity1988/11/13Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1988/12/421 days21 days
Malnutrition
KaylaKenau
Orky 2
FCaptivity1988/11/26SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA2019/1/283011,020 days (30 years, 2 months, 2 days)Lung disease - likely Pneumonia
TaimaGudrun
Kanduke
FCaptivity1989/7/11SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA2010/6/6207635 days (20 years, 10 months, 26 days)Peracute Uterine Prolapse
Splash / KatakNootka 5
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1989/8/15SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA2005/4/5155712 days (15 years, 7 months, 21 days)Acute Perforating Gastric Ulceration w/ Associated Peritonitis
AiIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FHornafjörður, Iceland1989/101 yearNanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1995/8/2562154 days (5 years, 10 months, 24 days)Candidiasis
Yamato / TanoukIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MHornafjörður, Iceland1989/103 yearsIzu-Mito Sea Paradise, Japan2000/10/24144041 days (11 years, 23 days)Unknown
RanIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FHornafjörður, Iceland1989/102 yearsNanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2004/8/29165446 days (14 years, 10 months, 28 days)Unknown. Gave birth to premature calf on 2004/8/26
Sharkan / SharkaneIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FHornafjörður, Iceland1989/104 yearsMarineland Antibes, France2009/1/3237034 days (19 years, 3 months, 2 days)Bacillus Pyocyanique
K’yoshaBjossa
Hyak 2
FCaptivity1991/9/30Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1992/1/496 days96 days (3 months, 5 days)Brain Infection
No nameNootka 4
Tilikum
MCaptivity1992/2/4Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1992/3/1035 days35 days (1 month, 6 days)Infection. Extremely High White Blood Cell Count.
No nameKiska
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1992/8/24Marineland Ontario, Canada1992/10/2562 days62 days (2 months, 1 day)Drowning
Neocia / Baby OctoberNootka 5
Kandu 7
FCaptivity1992/10/21Marineland Ontario, Canada2004/8/1114302 days (11 years, 9 months, 11 days)Internal Infection
"Father of Kshamenk" (got the name because he was an adult male, it is not known whether he was Kshamenk's father indeed)Argentinian mammal-eating populationMArgentina1992/9/17UnknownMundo Marino, Buenos Aires, Argentina1992/9/17UnknownLess than 1 dayUnknown
TakuKatina
Tilikum
MCaptivity1993/9/9SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2007/10/17145151 days (14 years, 1 month, 8 days)Severe Multifocal Interstitial Pneumonia
NyarGudrun
Tilikum
FCaptivity1993/12/31SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1996/4/12822 days (2 years, 3 months, 1 day)Suppurative Encephalitis; Osteoarthritis
KanuckKiska
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1994/8/28Marineland Ontario, Canada199831222 days (3 years, 4 months, 4 days)Traumatic Shock
No nameHaida 2
Kotar
FCaptivity1994/11/20SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1994/12/2838 days38 days (1 month, 8 days)Pneumonia Multifocal Pyogranulomatous w/ Gram+Filamentous
No nameMaggie
Bingo
MCaptivity1995/3/3Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1995/3/3Hours oldLess than 1 dayUnknown
No nameBjossa
Finna
FCaptivity1995/3/8Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1995/3/8Minutes oldLess than 1 dayRuptured Umbilical Cord. Died minutes after birth.
ValentinFreya
Kim 2
MCaptivity1996/2/13Marineland Antibes, France2015/10/12197181 days (19 years, 7 months, 29 days)Intestinal Volvulus (twisted intestine)
Malik / E-DayNootka 5
Kandu 7
FCaptivity1996/4/21Marineland Ontario, Canada2000/3/431413 days (3 years, 10 months, 12 days)Immune System Deficiency
NovaKiska
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1996/11/6Marineland Ontario, Canada2001/8/2041748 days (4 years, 9 months, 14 days)Pneumonia. Starvation.
UnnaKatina
Tilikum
FCaptivity1996/12/27SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2015/12/21186933 days (18 years, 11 months, 24 days)Candida fungus. Systemic Bacterial Infection (Septicemia/Sepsis)
No nameJapaneseMHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/93 yearsNanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1997/6/143125 days (4 months, 5 days)Systemic Viral Infection (Herpes Grp)
No nameJapaneseFHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/9~9 years (+)Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1997/6/17~9 (+)128 days (4 months, 8 days)Bacterial Pneumonia (Bronchopneumonia)
KyuJapaneseMHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/95 yearsNanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2004/9/18122778 days (7 years, 7 months, 9 days)Bacterial Pneumonia
AsukaJapaneseFHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/97 yearsIzu-Mito Sea Paradise, Japan2007/9/19173874 days (10 years, 7 months, 10 days)Unknown
KuJapaneseFHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/95 yearsPort of Nagoya Aquarium, Japan2008/9/19164240 days (11 years, 7 months, 10 days)Heart Failure
SumarTaima
Tilikum
MCaptivity1998/5/14SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA2010/9/7124499 days (12 years, 3 months, 24 days)Acute Intestinal / Mesenteric Vol
No nameNootka 5
Kandu 7
FCaptivity1998/5/27Marineland Ontario, Canada1998/6/711 days11 daysUnknown
HudsonKiska
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1998/9/15Marineland Ontario, Canada2004/10/2062227 days (6 years, 1 month, 5 days)Meningitis
AlgonquinNootka 5
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1999/12/18Marineland Ontario, Canada2002/8/132969 days (2 years, 7 months, 26 days)Twisted Intestine
SarahStella
Bingo
FCaptivity2003/5/31Kamogawa Sea World, Japan2006/4/2621061 days (2 years, 10 months, 26 days)Unknown
No nameRussian ResidentFAvacha Gulf, Kamchatka, Russia2003/9/266 yearsUtrish Dolphinarium, Russia2003/10/24628 daysBacterial Pneumonia. She also suffered from Focal Fibrosis, Bullous Emphysema, and Cardiac Amyloidosis.
AprilNootka 5
Kandu 7
FCaptivity2004/4/7Marineland Ontario, Canada2004/524 days24 days Malnutrition
AthenaKiska
Kandu 7
FCaptivity2004/8/8Marineland Ontario, Canada2009/441697 days (4 years, 7 months, 24 days)Unknown
No nameRan
Kyu
FCaptivity2004/8/26Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2004/8/282 days2 daysBroken Skull
HalynKayla
Keet
FCaptivity2005/10/9SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2008/6/152980 days (2 years, 8 months, 6 days)Acute Necrotizing Encephalitis
No nameJapaneseMKatsuura, Chiba, Japan2006/2/103-4 yearsKamogawa Sea World, Japan2006/2/133-4 years3 daysUnknown
PascualaEastern Tropical Pacific (ETP) Population(s)FBay of Mantanchén, Mexico2007/4/10A few weeksVallarta Adventures Dolphin Center, Mexico2007/6/102 months61 days (2 months)Immune System Failure. Malnutrition. Infection.
Victoria / VickyKohana
Keto
FCaptivity2012/8/3Loro Parque, Tenerife, Spain2013/6/1610 months317 days (10 months, 13 days)Intestinal Complications
Tama TigerNew Zealand's Population(s)MTauranga Harbour, New Zealand2016/8/3Six months to 1 year oldTauranga Harbour, New Zealand2016/8/6Six months to 1 year old3 daysComplications w/ Stranding (Dehydration and Malnutrition)
KyaraTakara
Kyuquot
FCaptivity2017/4/19SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2017/7/2496 days96 days (3 months, 5 days)Infection - thought to be Pneumonia
Kirill (Cyril)Russian TransientMRussia2018/81 yearSrednyaya Bay, Primorsky Krai, Russia2019/2/211204 days (6 months, 20 days)Undisclosed - Frostbite and Pneumonia

Sources:
 Data collected by OrcaHome.de (discontinued) was used as baseline for this spreadsheet, particularly capture dates. One notable source is “Orca – The Whale Called Killer” by Erich Hoyt
Capture date for was Ahab was found in a U.S Navy document regarding Project Deep Ops (found here). This date was then applied to the whales he was believed to be captured with: Cuddles, Mamuk, Haida and Ishmael
Emma Luck (@FlukePrintPhotography IG) provided a vast array of knowledge to help determine which wild caught orca belonged to which wild population and/or ecotype.
Whales captured in Icelandic waters have been listed as “North Atlantic Type 1” as they closely resemble this ecotype in terms of morphology and ecology – they’re smaller than Type 2s and feed primarily on fish (especially herring) but will also eat the occasional seal. In contrast, Type 2s are massive with noticeably downward-sloping eyepatches, and they’re strict mammal-eaters. However, it’s important to note North Atlantic killer whales are not as well studied as those in the North Eastern Pacific. It’s possible there is more variation and diversity than just two ecotypes (Type 1 and Type 2).
Estimated age at capture for whales under nine years old was calculated using “Killer whale growth rate defined by Duffield and Miller” (see below). This was then used to calculate each wild-caught whale’s current age.
 160Captives (Tumblr) was used for precise capture locations and the estimated age at capture for whales over the age of nine years old.
Dates of death, places of death and causes of death were sourced via “Keto & Tilikum Express the Stress of Orca Captivity” which utilised data from The Orca Project. This data was compiled from multiple sources including the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Marine Mammal Inventory Reports (MMIRs), marine mammal publications, websites, newspaper and news archives, government oversight agencies and marine mammal park documents.
Time in captivity was calculated using a calculator. The end date was not included (otherwise this would’ve added a day) as the whales passed away before the 24 hour mark. Some capture dates and death dates lack an exact day or month due to insufficient historical data. In this case, 01 is used for an unknown day and January is used for an unknown month unless a season is specified, then the first month of the season is used.

Note: Some sources provide conflicting information. In this case, any additional information that is known about the individual in question has been used to decide which source is more accurate.

Killer whale growth rate defined by Duffield and Miller

Length in cm        Est. age in years
< 291                                < 1
291 – 328                          1
329 – 366                          2
367 – 404                          3
405 – 442                          4
443 – 480                          5
481 – 518                          6
519 – 552                          7
553 – 590                          8
591 – 628                          9

Duffield, D.A. and K.W. Miller, 1988. Demographic Features of Killer Whales in Oceanaria in the United States and Canada, 1965-1987. Rit Fiskideildar. 11: 297-306.

In Pacific whales, growth is approximately linear, at a mean rate of 38 cm/yr up to 10-12 or 12-16 years of age, for females and males, respectively.