Dedicated to those who did not survive the show


Number of orcas who have died in captivity: 169


This page details every killer whale that has died in captivity since 1961. Two formerly captive killer whales (Ishmael and Keiko – found in bold) are not included in the total number given at the top of the page as neither died in captivity. Ishmael, a U.S Navy Orca involved in Project Deep Ops, escaped off the north coast of Oahu, Hawaii, in February 1971. It’s unknown if he’s dead or alive. Keiko, star of Free Willy, was famously rehabilitated and released into the wild where he interacted with wild orcas and travelled 870 miles across the Atlantic from Iceland to Norway. In December 2003 Keiko passed away at 26 years old from what was believed to be Acute Pneumonia – a common disease both in captivity and in the wild.



Also not included in the total at the top of the page are 31 unsuccessful pregnancies (found here) and 15 mortalities during capture operations which are as follows:

Between September 1962 and August 1970 at least 10 whales died during capture operations in Washington State, USA. During this time, at least 1 orca died in British Columbia, Canada.
Another orca died during the 1992 capture in Argentina
Between September 2003 and August 2018, at least three orcas died during three capture operations in Russia.

All these included would bring the total death count up to 215 orcas.


Note: According to data released by the Japanese Fisheries Agency, a total of 63 orcas have been taken in Japanese waters since 1972. 20 were taken into captivity and are listed as deceased in the above count. That means in addition to the ones listed below another 43 orcas have been taken, possibly killed during capture operations or more probably killed for meat or pet food.


To view photos of a certain orca simply click on the orca’s name!

NameWild Population & Ecotype OR Captive Mother / FatherSexOriginCapture / Birth DateEst. Age at CaptureLength at Capture (cm)Place of DeathDate of DeathAge at DeathTime in CaptivityCause of Death
WandaUnknownFNewport Harbor, California, USA1961/11/1810(+) years old521Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1961/11/2010(+) years old2 daysPneumonia, Gastroenteritis
Moby DollNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J pod)
MSaturna Island, British Columbia, Canada1964/7/165 years old467Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1964/10/95 years old85 days (2 months, 23 days)Drowning. Skin Disease.
Namu / C11North Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
(Mother believed to be C5 Kwattna)
MWarrior Cove, Namu, British Columbia, Canada1965/6/239(+) years old655Seattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USA1966/7/910(+) years old381 days (1 year, 16 days)Drowning - infected with clostridium perfringens (an anaerobic bacteria) which caused severe colic.
ShamuNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FCarr Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington State, USA1965/10/314 years old410SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1971/8/299 years old2128 days (5 years, 9 months, 29 days)Pyometra (a uterine infection) and Septicemia (blood poisoning)
KanduNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
FYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/151 year old312SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1971/6/165 years old1582 days (4 years, 4 months, 1 day)Pneumonia and Liver Necrosis
KatyNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
FYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/15Less than 1 year old249Seattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USA1967/5Less than 1 year old75 days (2 months, 16 days)Obstructed Esophagus / Intentional Drowning.
KilroyNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
MYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/151 year old (or less)290SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1978/9/2312 years old4238 days (11 years, 7 months, 8 days)Gangrenous Pneumonia
RamuNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
MYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/154 years old406SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1982/1/1218 years old5445 days (14 years, 10 months, 28 days)SeaWorld deceptively listed his cause of death as ""Old age"". For 18 months prior to his death, Ramu was treated for ""chronic, partially unresponsive, hypochromic microcytic anemia, nephritis and congestive heart failure"". His necroposy detailed ""cardiopulmonary decomposition, infectious pleuritis and numerous senile changes"". He did not die from old age.
Skana / WalterNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
FYukon Harbor, Washington State, USA1967/2/154 years old427Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1980/10/517 years old4981 days (13 years, 7 months, 20 days)General Mycotic (fungal) Infection
OrkyNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(I11 pod)
MShushartie Bay, Port Hardy, British Columbia, Canada1967/7/254 years old427Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1969/75 years old707 days (1 year, 11 months, 6 days)Pneumonia, Influenza
LupaNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FVaughn Bay, Washington State, USA1968/212(+) years old*549New York Aquarium, New York State, USA1968/9/612(+) years old218 days (7 months, 5 days)Pneumonia
HugoNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MVaughn Bay, Washington State, USA1968/2/203 years old399Miami Seaquarium, Florida, USA1980/3/415 years old4396 days (12 years, 13 days)Aneurysm Cerebral Artery
BonnieNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FGarden Bay, Pender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/4/2615(+) years old610Marine World Africa, California, USA1968/7/2915(+) years old94 days (3 months, 3 days)Heart Failure, Stillbirth Complications
CorkyNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FGarden Bay, Pender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/4/263 years old401Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1970/12/55 years old953 days (2 years, 7 months, 9 days)Mediastinal Abscess
Hyak 2 / Tung-JenNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod - Mother believed to be Natsidalia)
MGarden Bay, Pender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/4/261 year old (or less)290Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1991/2/1623 years old8331 days (22 years, 9 months, 21 days)Pneumonia
Kianu / ClydeNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FGarden Bay, Pender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/4/268 years old579Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1980/620 years old4419 days (12 years, 1 month, 6 days)Gastrointestinal Disease
NatsidaliaNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FGarden Bay, Pender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/4/2615(+) years old579Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1968/1115(+) years old189 days (6 months, 6 days)Heart Failure
Orky 2North Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
MGarden Bay, Pender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1968/4/266 years old511SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1988/9/2626 years old7458 days (20 years, 5 months)Acute Bronchopneumonia, Nephropathy
TulaNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
MQueen Charlotte Strait, Malcolm Island, British Columbia, Canada1968/7/183 years old399Dolfinarium Harderwijk, Netherlands1968/10/233 years old97 days (3 months, 5 days)Brain Haemorrhage, Fungal Infection of Kidneys
AhabNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MYukon Harbor, Bainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/58 years old579US Navy, Hawaii197413 years old1914 days (5 years, 2 months, 27 days)Unknown
CuddlesNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J or L pod)
MYukon Harbor, Bainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/52 years old351Dudley Zoo, England, United Kingdom1974/2/67 years old1950 days (5 years, 4 months, 1 day)Streptococcal mediastinal abscess, Osteomyelitis of rib
HaidaNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J or L pod)
MYukon Harbor, Bainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/54 years old427Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1982/10/317 years old5111 days (13 years, 11 months, 28 days)Lung Infection (Airborne Staphylococcus)
IshmaelNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MYukon Harbor, Bainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/56 years old518Place of escape: US Navy, Hawaii1971/2/19
(date of escape)
8 years old at time of escape867 days (2 years, 4 months, 14 days)Unknown - Ishmael escaped in February 1971. While it's likely he passed away shortly after his escape there is a possibility that he's still alive, roaming the seas.
MamukNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J or L pod)
MYukon Harbor, Bainbridge Island, Washington State, USA1968/10/53 years old396Sea-Arama Marineworld, Texas, USA1974/6/148 years old2078 days (5 years, 8 months, 9 days)Acute Streptococcal Septicemia
No nameNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1969/45 years old457Seattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USADate unknownUnknownN/AUnknown
Ramu 2North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1969/49 years old604Marineland, Queensland, Australia1970/5/2110 years old415 days (1 year, 1 month, 20 days)Unknown
CalypsoNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/116 years old518Marineland Antibes, France1970/126 years old355 days (11 months, 20 days)Unknown
KennyNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
MPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/114 years old411Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1972/5/206 years old891 days (2 years, 5 months, 9 days)Pneumonia
NepoNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
MPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/112 years old366Marine World Africa, California, USA1980/7/1012 years old3864 days (10 years, 6 months, 29 days)Acute Bronchopneumonia, Nephropathy
PatchesNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
​(A5 pod)
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/11Less than 1 year old287Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1971/8/42 years old601 days (1 year, 7 months, 24 days)Mediastinal Abscess and Salmonellosis, an infection caused by Salmonella bacteria
YakaNorth Eastern Pacific
Northern Residents
FPender Harbor, British Columbia, Canada1969/12/111 year old320Marine World Africa, California, USA1997/10/2928 years old10,184 days (27 years, 10 months, 18 days)Pleuritis/Pneumonia From Upper
Respiratory Infection
No nameUnknown?Carr Inlet, Washington State, USA1970/25 years old457?Seattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USADate unknownUnknownN/AUnknown
Chimo / T4North Eastern Pacific
Bigg's Transients
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1970/3/12 years old351Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1972/11/24 years old977 days (2 years, 8 months, 1 day)Pneumonia, Streptococcal Septicaemia and Chediak-Higashi-Syndrome
Nootka / Knootka / Newtka / T5North Eastern Pacific
Bigg's Transients
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1970/3/14 years old411SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1990/3/1324 years old7317 days (20 years, 12 days)Pyogranulomatous; Pneumonia
Scarredjaw Cow / T3North Eastern Pacific
Bigg's Transients
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1970/3/120 years old579Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1970/5/1520 years old75 days (2 months, 14 days)Malnutrition
ChappyNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FPenn Cove, Whidbey Island, Washington State, USA1970/8/82 years old350Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1974/45 years old1332 days (3 years, 7 months, 24 days)Periostitis (inflammation of the lumbar bone)
ClovisNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Whidbey Island, Washington State, USA1970/8/82 years old335Marineland Antibes, France1973/24 years old908 days (2 years, 5 months, 24 days)Clostridial Myositis
JumboNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Whidbey Island, Washington State, USA1970/8/85 years old475Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1974/78 years old1423 days (3 years, 10 months, 23 days)Liver Dysfunction
Lil’ NookaNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Whidbey Island, Washington State, USA1970/8/82 years old351Sea-Arama Marineworld, Texas, USA1971/3/182 years old222 days (7 months, 10 days)Asphyxiation
Ramu 4North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Whidbey Island, Washington State, USA1970/8/82 years old351Marineland, Queensland, Australia1971/82 years old358 days (11 months, 24 days)Unknown
Wally / WhaleNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
FPort Madison,
Bainbridge Island, Washington State, USA
1970/8/8Less than 1 year old280Munich Aquarium, Germany1971/10/41 year old422 days (1 year, 1 month, 26 days)Heart Failure
Winston / RamuNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
MPenn Cove, Whidbey Island, Washington State, USA1970/8/84 years old406SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1986/4/2819 years old5742 days (15 years, 8 months, 20 days)Chronic Cardiovascular Failure
Kandu 2North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
MPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1971/83 years old396Marineland Ontario, Canada1979/1011 years old2983 days (8 years, 2 months)Pneumonia
Kandu 3North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
FPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1971/81 year old323SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1975/6/154 years old1414 days (3 years, 10 months, 14 days)Uraemia-Nephritis
KonaNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
FPenn Cove, Washington State, USA1971/84 years old434SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1977/9/2810 years old2250 days (6 years, 1 month, 27 days)Septicemia. Also reported as Pulmonary Abscession
No nameN/AMCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1971/113 years old401Seattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USADate unknownUnknownN/AUnknown
No nameN/AMCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1971/114 years old411Seattle Marine Aquarium, Washington State, USADate unknownUnknownN/AUnknown
Canuck / J24North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(J pod)
MCarr Inlet, Washington State, USA1972/3/122 years old353SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1974/12/14 years old994 days (2 years, 8 months, 19 days)Candidiasis
ZeroJapaneseFAbashiri, Japan1972/9/1UnknownKamogawa Sea World, Japan1972/9/15Unknown14 daysUnknown
SandyUnknownFOcean City, Washington State, USA1973/3/136 years old488SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1977/10/2210 years old1684 days (4 years, 7 months, 9 days)Cerebral Haemorrhage
FrankieNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
MPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1973/812 years old594SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1974/1/2912 years old181 days (5 months, 28 days)Pneumonia
KandyNorth Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(L pod)
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1973/814 years old540Marineland Ontario, Canada1973/11/1614 years old107 days (3 months, 15 days)Acute Pneumonia
Nootka 2North Eastern Pacific
Southern Residents
​(K pod)
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1973/830 years old579Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1974/5/130 years old273 days (9 months)Ruptured Aorta
Nootka 3North Eastern Pacific
Bigg's Transients
FPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1975/8/163 years old381Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1976/53 years old259 days (8 months, 15 days)Perforated Post-Pyloric Ulcer. Abscess in Gastrointestinal Tract
Kandu 4 / Kanduke / T9North Eastern Pacific
Bigg’s Transients
(T7?)
MPedder Bay, British Columbia, Canada1975/8/164 years old427SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1990/9/2019 years old5514 days (15 years, 1 month, 4 days)Viral Leptomeningitis, an inflammation of the subarachnoid space in the brain
Kim / OumIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MMedallands Bugt, Iceland1976/10/105 years old450Marineland Antibes, France1982/7/2410 years old2113 days (5 years, 9 months, 14 days)Lung Abscess
GudrunIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1976/10/28Less than 1 year old270SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1996/2/2519 years old7059 days (19 years, 3 months, 28 days)Septicemia, Bacteremia associated w/ Endomyometritis
KenauIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1976/10/281 year old300SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1991/8/615 years old5395 days (14 years, 9 months, 9 days)Hemorrhagic Bacterial Pneumonia
No nameCorky 2
Orky 2
MCaptivity1977/2/28Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1977/3/1515 days old15 daysPneumonia, Bowel Stasis and Cerebral Edema
MiracleN/AFMenzies Bay, British Columbia, Canada1977/8/101 year old305Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1982/1/125 years old1616 days (4 years, 5 months, 2 days)Drowning
Kandu 5Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/9/303 years old370SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1989/8/2114 years old4343 days (11 years, 10 months, 22 days)Hemorrhage; Maxillary Bilateral Fracture
Canuck 2Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/102 years old350SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1981/8/25 years old1401 days (3 years, 10 months, 1 day)Chronic Kidney Disease
Hoi Wai / Suzie WongIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/10Less than 1 year old270Ocean Park, Hongkong1997/4/2120 years old7142 days (19 years, 6 months, 20 days)Severe Intestinal Blood Loss
Kona 2Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/102 years old350SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1987/10/1512 years old3666 days (10 years, 14 days)Pulmonary Abscession
MagnusIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/101 year old326Dolfinarium Harderwijk, Netherlands1977/12/181 year old78 days (2 months, 17 days)Agranulocytic Anaemia
WinnieIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1977/10Less than 1 year old275SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2002/4/1125 years old8958 days (24 years, 6 months, 10 days)GI Tract Obstruction
KahanaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FTvisker, Iceland1978/101 year old320SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1991/5/1413 years old4608 days (12 years, 7 months, 13 days)Broken Skull, Severe Blood Loss and Intestinal Ganglioneuroma (tumor)
KasatkaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FTvisker, Iceland1978/101 year old (or less)290SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA2017/8/1539 years old14,198 days (38 years, 10 months, 14 days)Kasatka was humanely euthanised after suffering from a Bacterial Respiratory Infection (likely pneumonia) and a Compromised Immune System for a prolonged period of time.
ShawnIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1978/101 year old (or less)290SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1979/9/31 year old337 days (11 months, 2 days)Pneumonia
KotarIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSouth East Iceland1978/10/9Less than 1 year old210*SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1995/4/116 years old6018 days (16 years, 5 months, 23 days)Kotar died after a gate he was playing with closed on his head, crushing his skull. Despite this, his cause of death is officially listed as Acute Hemorrhagic Pneumonia.
BettyIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FSkardsfjara, Iceland1978/10/173 years old374Marineland Antibes, France1987/9/811 years old3248 days (8 years, 10 months, 22 days)Pneumonia
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSkardsfjara, Iceland1978/10/171 year old310Saedyrasafnid (Hafnarfjordur) Aquarium, Iceland1979/11 year old76 days (2 months, 15 days)Heart Attack
SpookyCorky 2
Orky 2
MCaptivity1978/10/31Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1978/11/1010 days old10 daysPneumonia, Colitis
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIceland1978/111 year old320Saedyrasafnid (Hafnarfjordur) Aquarium, Iceland1979/11 year old61 days (2 months)Pneumonia
No nameJapaneseMJapan1978UnknownTaiji Whaling Museum, Japan1978Unknown5 daysHarpoon Wound
BenkeiJapaneseMTaiji, Japan1979/2/267 years old520Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1989/116 years old3597 days (9 years, 10 months, 6 days)Acute Pneumonia
ChiJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1979/2/269 years old610Taiji Whaling Museum, Japan1979/59 years old64 days (2 months, 5 days)Unknown
No nameJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1979/2/269(+) years old635Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1979/3/319(+) years old33 days (1 month, 5 days)Birth Complications. Delivered a stillborn calf.
No nameJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1979/2/269(+) years old650Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1979/4/289(+) years old61 days (2 months, 2 days)Nutritional Disorder
TaiJapaneseMTaiji, Japan1979/2/269(+) years old700Taiji Whaling Museum, Japan1982/612(+) years old1191 days (3 years, 3 months, 6 days)Unknown
Surfer GirlN/AFPfeiffer Beach, California, USA1979/5/261 yearMarine World Africa, California, USA1979/6/31 year old8 daysPneumonia. Kidney failure. Perforated Gastric Ulcer
Dzul-ha / ShamuIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MMalarrif, Iceland1979/7/251 year old300Aquarama on Parade, Mexico19834 years old1256 days (3 years, 5 months, 7 days)Unknown
Caren / CalenIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FIngólfshöfði, Iceland1979/112 years old362Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1987/5/49 years old2741 days (7 years, 6 months, 3 days)Agranulocytosis
KeikoIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MMedallands Bugt, Iceland1979/112 years old365Taknes Bay, Skålvikfjord, Norway2003/12/1226 years old8307 days (22 years, 8 months, 29 days)
Calculated from Keiko's capture date to his release date (2002/7/30).
Believed to be Pneumonia
KingIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MIngólfshöfði, Iceland1979/11Less than 1 year old270Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1983/10/44 years old1433 days (3 years, 11 months, 3 days)Acute Pneumonia
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1979/113 years old370Marineland Ontario, Canada1980/13 years old61 days (2 months)Acute Enterotoxaemia
Benkei 2 / UshiwakaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MAlvidra, Iceland1980/10/241 year old (or less)290Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1983/73 years old980 days (2 years, 8 months, 7 days)Malignant Lymphoma
ViggaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FReydarfjördur, Iceland1980/11/101 year old310Marine World Africa, California, USA2000/8/1420 years old7217 days (19 years, 9 months, 4 days)Heart Failure, Brain/Lung Abscess, Pneumonia
BjossaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FReydarfjördur, Iceland1980/11/143 years old400SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA2001/10/823 years old7633 days (20 years, 10 months, 24 days)Chronic Bronchopneumonia
FinnaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MReydarfjördur, Iceland1980/11/144 years old410Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1997/10/620 years old6170 days (16 years, 10 months, 22 days)Pneumonia
NemoIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSelvogsbanki, Iceland1981/102 years old350Windsor Safari Park, England, United Kingdom1986/11/177 years old1873 days (5 years, 1 month, 16 days)Thrombocytosis
NeptuneIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSelvogsbanki, Iceland1981/104 years old410Clacton Dolphinarium, England, United Kingdom1983/6/15 years old608 days (1 year, 8 months)Appendicitis
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FAlvidra, Iceland1981/104 years old414Marineland Ontario, Canada19814 years oldUnknownUnknown
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSelvogsbanki, Iceland1981/10Less than 1 year old259Clacton Dolphinarium, England, United Kingdom1981/12/11Less than 1 year old71 days (2 months, 10 days)Traumatic Shock. Ruptured Kidney
Nootka 5Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FMedallands Bugt, Iceland1981/102 years old350?Marineland Ontario, Canada2008/1/828 years old9595 days (26 years, 3 months, 7 days)Unknown
Ruka / OrcaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FSelvogsbanki, Iceland1981/102 years old350Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2000/3/2920 years old6754 days (18 years, 5 months, 28 days)Traumatic Shock
Benkei 3JapaneseMTaiji, Japan1982/2Less than 1 year old275?Private residence, Japan1983/122 years old668 days (1 year, 10 months)Unknown
No nameJapaneseMTaiji, Japan1982/29(+) years old700?Taiji Whaling Museum, Japan1982/6/19(+) years old120 days (4 months)Pneumonia
SacchiJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1982/29(+) years old600?Enoshima Marineland, Japan1984/411(+) years old790 days (2 years, 2 months)Pneumonia
No nameSacchi
Wild Orca
MCaptivity1982/5/1Enoshima Marineland, Japan1982/5/1110 days old10 daysBrain Abscess
KivaCorky 2
Orky 2
FCaptivity1982/6/18Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1982/8/346 days old46 days (1 month, 16 days)Colic, Respiratory Failure
FreyaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FStokkseyri, Iceland1982/101 year old300?Marineland Antibes, France2015/6/2033 years old11,950 days (32 years, 8 months, 19 days)Undisclosed illness
Haida 2Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FStokkseyri, Iceland1982/101 year old (or less)290SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2001/8/119 years old6879 days (18 years, 10 months)Necrosis of Cerebrum/ Fungal Infection
Kim 2Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MStokkseyri, Iceland1982/101 year old (or less)290Marineland Antibes, France2005/11/2323 years old8454 days (23 years, 1 month, 22 days)Pneumonia
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MHéradsflói, Iceland1982/101 year old310Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1983/5/291 year old240 days (7 months, 28 days)Haemophilia, a genetic disorder that inhibits the body’s ability to control blood clotting when faced with an injury
Nootka 4Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FHéradsflói, Iceland1982/103 years old381SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1994/9/1314 years old4365 days (11 years, 11 months, 12 days)Complications associated with her stillbirth: Pneumonia; Septicemia
TilikumIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MTogi, Iceland1983/11/92 years old350SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA2017/1/635 years old12,112 days (33 years, 1 month, 28 days)Bacterial Pneumonia
NanduIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MJökulsá, Iceland1983/11/142 years old354Aquarama São Paulo, Brazil1988/3/26 years old1570 days (4 years, 3 months, 17 days)Adrenal Gland Tumor
SamoaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FJökulsá, Iceland1983/11/143 years old397SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1992/3/1411 years old3043 days (8 years, 4 months)Mycotic Meningoencephalitis
Bingo / ThorIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MReyðarfjörður, Iceland1984/112 years old339Port of Nagoya Aquarium, Japan2014/8/231 years old10,866 days (29 years, 9 months, 1 day)Pneumonia
Freyja / PattyIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FReyðarfjörður, Iceland1984/112 years old351Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1987/9/164 years old1049 days (2 years, 10 months, 15 days)Acute Enteritis
JuniorIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MBerufjörður, Iceland1984/112 years old350Marineland Ontario, Canada1994/6/111 years old3499 days (9 years, 7 months)Brain Damage
Kandu 7Icelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MReyðarfjörður, Iceland1984/116 years old490Marineland Ontario, Canada2005/12/2127 years old7720 days (21 years, 1 month, 20 days)Cancer
No nameIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MReyðarfjörður, Iceland1984/114 years old409Saedyrasafnid (Hafnarfjordur) Aquarium, Iceland1985/14 years old61 days (2 months)Neck Injury
No nameCorky 2
Orky 2
FCaptivity1985/7/22Marineland of the Pacific, California, USA1985/8/2029 days old29 daysAsphyxiation
MilagroArgentinian mammal-eating populationMArgentina1985/8/85 years oldMundo Marino, Buenos Aires, Argentina1991/2/1010 years old2012 days (5 years, 6 months, 2 days)Unknown
KalinaKatina
Winston
FCaptivity1985/9/26SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA2010/10/425 years old9139 days (25 years, 8 days)Acute Bacterial Septicemia
GoroJapaneseMTaiji, Japan1985/10Less than 1 year old260Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2005/1/2119 years old7052 days (19 years, 3 months, 20 days)Acute Pneumonia
NamiJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1985/103 years oldPort of Nagoya Aquarium, Japan2011/1/1428 years old9236 days (25 years, 3 months, 13 days)Ulcerative Colitis - Pulmonary Zygomycosis with
Cunninghamella Bertholletiae
Baby Shamu 2Kenau
Winston
FCaptivity1986/1/5SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA1986/1/1611 days old11 daysHeart Defect
No nameJapaneseFJapan1986/2UnknownJapanese Fishermen Group, Coast of Japan1986/4Unknown59 days (2 months)Unknown
ShachiJapaneseFTaiji, Japan1986/26 years oldIzu-Mito Sea Paradise, Japan1988/38 years old759 days (2 years, 1 month)Pneumonia
Magy / Maggie / Miss PiggyIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FSeyðisfjörður, Iceland1987/103 years old400Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1997/10/713 years old3659 days (10 years, 6 days)Birth Complications
Oscar / WolfieIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSeyðisfjörður, Iceland1987/101 year old320Kamogawa Sea World, Japan2012/12/2026 years old9212 days (25 years, 2 months, 19 days)Unknown
Prince / BubbaIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MSeyðisfjörður, Iceland1987/103 years old400Ocean Park, Hong Kong, China1991/7/106 years old1378 days (3 years, 9 months, 9 days)Pseudomonas
Belen / BethlehemArgentinian mammal-eating populationFSamborombón Bay, Argentina1988/1/61 year oldMundo Marino, Buenos Aires, Argentina2000/2/413 years old4412 days (12 years, 29 days)Unknown
KaterinaKatina
Kanduke
FCaptivity1988/11/4SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1999/5/510 years old3834 days (10 years, 6 months, 1 day)Severe Suppurative Hemorrhage. Bacterial Pneumonia.
No nameBjossa
Hyak 2
FCaptivity1988/11/13Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1988/12/421 days old21 daysMalnutrition
KaylaKenau
Orky 2
FCaptivity1988/11/26SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA2019/1/2830 years old11,020 days (30 years, 2 months, 2 days)Lung disease - likely Pneumonia
TaimaGudrun
Kanduke
FCaptivity1989/7/11SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA2010/6/620 years old7635 days (20 years, 10 months, 26 days)Peracute Uterine Prolapse
Splash / KatakNootka 5
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1989/8/15SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA2005/4/515 years old5712 days (15 years, 7 months, 21 days)Acute Perforating Gastric Ulceration w/ Associated Peritonitis
AiIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FHornafjörður, Iceland1989/101 year old305Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1995/8/256 years old2154 days (5 years, 10 months, 24 days)Candidiasis
RanIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FHornafjörður, Iceland1989/102 years old335Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2004/8/2916 years old5446 days (14 years, 10 months, 28 days)Pneumonia, Blood Poisoning and Acute Gastritis. Gave birth to premature calf on 2004/8/26
Sharkan / SharkaneIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
FHornafjörður, Iceland1989/104 years old427Marineland Antibes, France2009/1/323 years old7034 days (19 years, 3 months, 2 days)Pseudomonas Aeruginosa ( Bacille Pyocyanique)
Yamato / TanoukIcelandic
North Atlantic Type 1
MHornafjörður, Iceland1989/103 years old396Izu-Mito Sea Paradise, Japan2000/10/2414 years old4041 days (11 years, 23 days)Unknown
K’yoshaBjossa
Hyak 2
FCaptivity1991/9/30Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1992/1/496 days old96 days (3 months, 5 days)Brain Infection
No nameNootka 4
Tilikum
MCaptivity1992/2/4Sealand of the Pacific, British Columbia, Canada1992/3/1035 days old35 days (1 month, 6 days)Infection. Extremely High White Blood Cell Count.
No nameKiska
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1992/8/24Marineland Ontario, Canada1992/10/2562 days old62 days (2 months, 1 day)Drowning
"Father of Kshamenk" (got the name because he was an adult male, it is not known whether he was Kshamenk's father indeed)Argentinian mammal-eating populationMSamborombón Bay, Argentina1992/9/17UnknownMundo Marino, Buenos Aires, Argentina1992/9/17UnknownLess than 1 dayUnknown
Neocia / Baby OctoberNootka 5
Kandu 7
FCaptivity1992/10/21Marineland Ontario, Canada2004/8/111 years old4302 days (11 years, 9 months, 11 days)Internal Infection
TakuKatina
Tilikum
MCaptivity1993/9/9SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2007/10/1714 years old5151 days (14 years, 1 month, 8 days)Severe Multifocal Interstitial Pneumonia
NyarGudrun
Tilikum
FCaptivity1993/12/31SeaWorld Orlando, Florida, USA1996/4/12 years old822 days (2 years, 3 months, 1 day)Suppurative Encephalitis; Osteoarthritis
KanuckKiska
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1994/8/28Marineland Ontario, Canada19983 years old1222 days (3 years, 4 months, 4 days)Traumatic Shock
No nameHaida 2
Kotar
FCaptivity1994/11/20SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA1994/12/2838 days old38 days (1 month, 8 days)Pneumonia Multifocal Pyogranulomatous w/ Gram+Filamentous
No nameMaggie
Bingo
MCaptivity1995/3/3Kamogawa Sea World, Japan1995/3/3Hours oldLess than 1 dayUnknown
No nameBjossa
Finna
FCaptivity1995/3/8Vancouver Aquarium, Canada1995/3/8Minutes oldLess than 1 dayRuptured Umbilical Cord. Died minutes after birth.
ValentinFreya
Kim 2
MCaptivity1996/2/13Marineland Antibes, France2015/10/1219 years old7181 days (19 years, 7 months, 29 days)Intestinal Volvulus (twisted intestine)
Malik / E-DayNootka 5
Kandu 7
FCaptivity1996/4/21Marineland Ontario, Canada2000/3/43 years old1413 days (3 years, 10 months, 12 days)Immune System Deficiency
NovaKiska
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1996/11/6Marineland Ontario, Canada2001/8/204 years old1748 days (4 years, 9 months, 14 days)Pneumonia. Starvation.
UnnaKatina
Tilikum
FCaptivity1996/12/27SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2015/12/2118 years old6933 days (18 years, 11 months, 24 days)Candida fungus. Systemic Bacterial Infection
AsukaJapaneseFHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/77 years old550Izu-Mito Sea Paradise, Japan2007/9/1917 years old3876 days (10 years, 7 months, 12 days)Unknown
KuJapaneseFHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/75 years old455Port of Nagoya Aquarium, Japan2008/9/1916 years old4242 days (11 years, 7 months, 12 days)Heart Failure
KyuJapaneseMHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/75 years old470Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2004/9/1812 years old2780 days (7 years, 7 months, 11 days)Bacterial Pneumonia
No nameJapaneseMHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/73 years old375Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1997/6/143 years old127 days (4 months, 7 days)Systemic Viral Infection (Herpes Grp)
No nameJapaneseFHatajiri Bay, Taiji, Japan1997/2/79(+) years old630Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan1997/6/179(+) years old130 days (4 months, 10 days)Bacterial Pneumonia (Bronchopneumonia)
SumarTaima
Tilikum
MCaptivity1998/5/14SeaWorld San Diego, California, USA2010/9/712 years old4499 days (12 years, 3 months, 24 days)Acute Intestinal / Mesenteric Vol
No nameNootka 5
Kandu 7
FCaptivity1998/5/27Marineland Ontario, Canada1998/6/711 days old11 daysUnknown
HudsonKiska
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1998/9/15Marineland Ontario, Canada2004/10/206 years old2227 days (6 years, 1 month, 5 days)Meningitis
AlgonquinNootka 5
Kandu 7
MCaptivity1999/12/18Marineland Ontario, Canada2002/8/132 years old969 days (2 years, 7 months, 26 days)Twisted Intestine
SarahStella
Bingo
FCaptivity2003/5/31Kamogawa Sea World, Japan2006/4/262 years old1061 days (2 years, 10 months, 26 days)Unknown
No nameRussian ResidentFZhirovaya Bay, Avacha Gulf, Kamchatka, Russia2003/9/266 years oldUtrish Dolphinarium, Russia2003/10/196 years old23 daysBacterial Pneumonia.
AprilNootka 5
Kandu 7
FCaptivity2004/4/7Marineland Ontario, Canada2004/4/1811 days old24 daysMalnutrition
AthenaKiska
Kandu 7
FCaptivity2004/8/8Marineland Ontario, Canada2009/5/244 years old1750 days (4 years, 9 months, 16 days)Unknown
No nameRan
Kyu
FCaptivity2004/8/26Nanki Shirahama Adventure World, Japan2004/8/282 days old2 daysBroken Skull
HalynKayla
Keet
FCaptivity2005/10/9SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2008/6/152 years old980 days (2 years, 8 months, 6 days)Acute Necrotizing Encephalitis
No nameJapaneseMKatsuura, Chiba, Japan2006/2/103-4 years oldKamogawa Sea World, Japan2006/2/133-4 years old3 daysUnknown
PascualaEastern Tropical Pacific (ETP) Population(s)FBay of Mantanchén, San Blas, Nayarit, Mexico2007/4/10Two weeks old247Vallarta Adventures Dolphin Center, Mexico2007/6/102 months old61 days (2 months)Immune System Failure. Malnutrition. Infection.
Victoria / VickyKohana
Keto
FCaptivity2012/8/3Loro Parque, Tenerife, Spain2013/6/1610 months old317 days (10 months, 13 days)Intestinal Complications
Tama TigerNew Zealand's Population(s)MTauranga Harbour, New Zealand2016/8/3Six months to 1 year oldTauranga Harbour, New Zealand2016/8/6Six months to 1 year old3 daysComplications w/ Stranding (Dehydration and Malnutrition)
KyaraTakara
Kyuquot
FCaptivity2017/4/19SeaWorld San Antonio, Texas, USA2017/7/2496 days old96 days (3 months, 5 days)Infection - thought to be Pneumonia
Kirill (Cyril)Russian TransientMRussia2018/81 year oldSrednyaya Bay, Primorsky Krai, Russia2019/1/31 (suspected date of death)
2019/2/21 (date his death was reported to Nakhodka Police)
1 year old204 days (6 months, 20 days)Undisclosed - Frostbite and Pneumonia

Key notes:
The information presented in this table was revised in April 2020. Some data displayed previously may have been changed in light of more accurate information.
This data was compiled from multiple sources including the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Marine Mammal Inventory Reports (MMIRs), marine mammal publications, websites, books, newspaper and news archives, government oversight agencies and marine mammal park documents. Simply click on the hyperlinks to reveal the source.
Emma Luck (@FlukePrintPhotography / IG) provided a vast array of knowledge to help determine which wild caught orca belonged to which wild population and/or ecotype.
Whales captured in Icelandic waters have been listed as “North Atlantic Type 1” as they closely resemble this ecotype in terms of morphology and ecology – they’re smaller than Type 2s and feed primarily on fish (especially herring) but will also eat the occasional seal. In contrast, Type 2s are massive with noticeably downward-sloping eyepatches, and they’re strict mammal-eaters. However, it’s important to note North Atlantic killer whales are not as well studied as those in the North Eastern Pacific. It’s possible there is more variation and diversity than just two ecotypes (Type 1 and Type 2). It’s also possible that there’s greater diversity in Argentina but not all populations have been adequately studied. Those that have are believed to mammal eaters so this general information has been applied to all orcas captured in the country.  
– Estimated age at capture was calculated using “Killer whale growth rate defined by Duffield and Miller” (see below). This was then used to calculate each wild-caught whale’s age at death. In some cases, an orca’s age and length at capture may not correlate to the growth rate as an alternative source was used (all linked).
Time in captivity was calculated using an online calculator. The end date was not included (otherwise this would’ve added a day) as the whales passed away before the 24-hour mark. Some capture dates and death dates lack an exact day or month due to insufficient historical data. In this case, 01 is used for an unknown day and January is used for an unknown month unless a season is specified, then the first month of the season is used.
Some notable sources include “Orca – The Whale Called Killer” by Erich Hoyt, “Keto & Tilikum Express the Stress of Orca Captivity” by John S. Jett and Jeffrey M. Ventre, The Orca Project and Cetacean Cousins.


Potential Queries:

All orcas captured at less than a year old were presumed to be at least six months old at the time for the sake of calculating their age at death. Please be mindful of this.
Capture date for Ahab was found in a U.S Navy document regarding Project Deep Ops (found here). This date was then applied to the whales he was believed to be captured with (Cuddles, Mamuk, Haida and Ishmael).
Based on newspaper records, the unnamed male captured in October 1978 was part of a group of three orcas who were the last to be captured that month. Assuming this record of Icelandic captures is listed in date order, the unnamed male was captured with the two largest females – believed to be Betty and Katina – so his capture date has been applied to them too. Using the same record of Icelandic captures, and the dates listed in this newspaper article, I was able to put the five orcas captured in November 1980 into order of capture by using their lengths and then applied the dates listed in the article:

Benkei 2 – 2.9m – Oct 24
Ulises – 4.0m – Nov 7
Vigga – 3.1m – Nov 10
Finna – 4.1m – Nov 14
Bjossa – 4.0m – Nov 14

This suggests Bjossa and Finna were captured on the same day, most likely at the same time, thus Bjossa’s capture location has been applied to Finna.

Killer whale growth rate defined by Duffield and Miller

Length in cm        Est. age in years
< 291                                < 1
291 – 328                          1
329 – 366                          2
367 – 404                          3
405 – 442                          4
443 – 480                          5
481 – 518                          6
519 – 552                          7
553 – 590                          8
591 – 628                          9

Duffield, D.A. and K.W. Miller, 1988. Demographic Features of Killer Whales in Oceanaria in the United States and Canada, 1965-1987. Rit Fiskideildar. 11: 297-306.

In Pacific whales, growth is approximately linear, at a mean rate of 38 cm/yr up to 10-12 or 12-16 years of age, for females and males, respectively.